The risk of developing cancer is high. Experts in the fields of research and medicine have proved various causative agents that can be linked to cancer.
Some of these include radiation from the sun, coming into contact with radioactive materials, radicals (in water or soil) and unhealthy lifestyle like excessive drinking, unhealthy diet and smoking tobacco.
HIV/AIDS patients are also vulnerable due to their low immunity.
Therefore it is crucial to observe the following guidelines to reduce the risk of contracting cancer:
GUIDELINES ON HOW TO PREVENT CANCER
1. Have regular exercises.
According to a study which was conducted in the year 2017 and published in the Journal of Carcinogenesis, regular exercises greatly reduce the risk of developing cancer.
The study was steered by a team of experts from the University of California.
2. Go for vaccination
Vaccines against some types of cancers have been developed.one of them is the HPV vaccine which protects women from the risk of contracting cervical cancer.
Oncologists advise all women who are reproductive to go the vaccine against HPV, a leading cause of cervical cancer.
Vaccination is more effective when administered on young girls who are not sexually active.
3. Practice safe sex
HPV, which leads to cervical cancer, for instance, is associated with multiple sexual partners.
If women either practice safe sex or remain faithful, they are likely to reduce the risk of developing the disease.
4. Consider regular screening and testing
Various tests and screening procedures have been developed to help detect cancers early for effective treatment and full recovery.
Some of them include the Pap smear test for cervical cancer, PSA tests and biopsies for prostate cancer and the BRCA 1 and 2 tests for breast cancer.
5. Lifestyle change
Since cancer is associated with one’s lifestyle, you may consider changing your lifestyle for the better.
Start by eating healthy food, avoiding smoking tobacco and excessive drinking of alcohol.